Testicular cancer is a malignant tumor disease that occurs in male testicular tissue. It has a great impact on the patient’s health and fertility. The cause of the disease is complicated and the treatment is troublesome. Early diagnosis is conducive to the treatment of testicular cancer , The following will introduce to you how to diagnose testicular cancer.
Testicular cancer can be diagnosed by:
1. The symptoms of testicular tumors are not obvious in the early stage, and the typical clinical manifestation is a painless mass that gradually increases. Half of the patients often feel testicular heaviness, and sometimes feel a pulling sensation in the scrotum, lower abdomen, and groin, which is obvious when jumping or running. After standing for a long time and tired, the local symptoms will aggravate with a feeling of falling or mild pain. Pain can be exacerbated by bumping or squeezing. Some patients often have symptoms similar to acute orchitis or epididymitis. After anti-inflammatory treatment, although the inflammation has been controlled, there is a lump that does not disappear. At this time, we should be alert to the possibility of testicular tumor.
2. In patients with cryptorchidism, when malignant lesions occur in the ectopic testis, a gradually increasing mass often appears in the pelvic cavity or in the groin area, and the absence of the ipsilateral testis is found during physical examination. Testicular tumors can sometimes occur bilaterally simultaneously or sequentially. Testicular tumors can occasionally cause symptoms of endocrine disorders, mostly occurring in patients with trophoblastic carcinoma, stromal cell carcinoma, and embryonal carcinoma, manifested as gynecomastia, precocious puberty, or feminization.
3. Although many data suggest that the occurrence of testicular tumors may be related to testicular trauma, endocrine disorders, genetics and infection, there is insufficient evidence. So far, the most convincing is the relationship between incomplete descent of testis (cryptorchidism) and testicular tumorigenesis. A large number of data confirm that the malignant transformation rate of cryptorchidism, especially abdominal cavity cryptorchidism, is much higher than that of normal descending testis. It is 3 to 14 times the incidence rate of normal people. At present, it is believed that factors such as abnormal testicular germ cells, elevated temperature, blood supply disturbance, endocrine disorders, and hypogonadism may be related to the malignant transformation of cryptorchidism. The relationship between cryptorchidism and testicular tumors has attracted the attention of scholars from various countries, emphasizing that orchiopexy before the age of 6 is an effective measure to prevent malignant transformation of cryptorchidism, and has achieved remarkable results. The incidence of cryptorchidism in China is similar to other countries, but the proportion of cryptorchidic tumors is significantly higher than that in other countries, which may be related to the lack of orchid fixation for children with cryptorchidism before school age in China.
4. Testicular cancer occurs in testicular tissue, and its pathological origin is complicated. It is relatively rare clinically, accounting for about 1% of all male malignant tumors. The onset population is mainly young males at the peak of their childbearing years, so it has a greater impact on society. But the cure rate of testicular cancer is very high, the survival rate can reach 95% or even higher. Therefore, in the field of oncology, testicular cancer is a very important malignant tumor.
The above introduces the diagnosis method of testicular cancer. Once the testicular cancer is diagnosed, it should be treated as soon as possible. Early detection and early treatment have a high cure rate. In addition, the patient must do a good job in post-operative nursing work, and conduct regular review. In addition, the patient must maintain a good mood and a positive and healthy attitude. Finally, I wish the patient a speedy recovery